Chapter 5


The Millennial Kingdom of God—Its Law and Constitution,

“the laws of the land”


We as Christians have been used to observing nine of the ten Commandments, while choice over “days of worship” for us—as Paul explained in Romans 14—have been an optional matter—we’re free to choose which “days of worship” we prefer.  Ancient Israel was originally a theocracy with the Lord God, Yahweh, as King.  Moses was over civil government, and Aaron (later the high priests who followed him) was over the Church (called The Church in the Wilderness).  The Constitution, the legal code of laws Israel operated under, was the 10 Commandment Law of God contained in Exodus, Numbers, Leviticus and Deuteronomy.  The basic law is found in Exodus and Leviticus, and Deuteronomy restates many of the laws.  But let us get something straight.  All too often legalism has been confused with observance to God’s law.  Legalism is not law-keeping.  If you are observing God’s law by and through the power and inspiration of the Holy Spirit—who is “writing the law of God on our hearts and in our minds”—that is not legalism!  Hebrews 8:10,13 states, “‘This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time,’ declares the Lord.  ‘I will put my laws in their minds and write them on their hearts’…By calling this covenant “new”, he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear.”  Did Paul in verse 13 of Hebrews 8 say the Old Testament Law of God would disappear?  Many Christian leaders wrongly teach that.  No, how can God write his laws on our hearts and in our minds, or on the hearts and minds of people living in the Millennial Kingdom of God if it has disappeared?  No, what Paul quoted here from Jeremiah 31:31-33 is that the Old Covenant which required obedience without God’s Holy Spirit would be replaced by a new covenant which freely made God’s Holy Spirit available to all.  Then, by and through this grace offered, God through his Holy Spirit would then write his laws on their hearts and in their minds (and ours too, since Paul explained in Hebrews 8 that this covenant now applied to us as well).  I hope this is clear.  This is the only definition of the new covenant given in the Bible, listed in Hebrews 8:6-13 and Jeremiah 31:31-33.  There is no other Bible definition for the new covenant. 

          Sabbatarians and new covenant, born-again fundamentalist and evangelical Christians disagree only on one point—the “days of worship” they chose to assemble and worship God on.  Sabbatarians honestly believe the 4th Commandment, the Sabbath, is still binding on new covenant Christians during the Church age.  New covenant Christians, with a different and perhaps better understanding of Hebrews and Romans 14, realize we have a choice on “days of worship” during the Church age (31-32AD to 2nd coming).  Sabbatarians who are keeping the Sabbath and Holy Days of Leviticus 23 are not necessarily legalists, just because they keep 10 of the 10 Commandments, and new covenant Christians only keep nine of them.  Law-keeping is not of and by itself legalism.  1 John 3:4 states that sin is the transgression of the law, and throughout the New Testament, Christians are told not to sin.  God said he’d write his laws on our hearts and  in our minds.  If you read Matthew 5:17-48 you will see that Jesus basically commanded that we observe the loftier, higher magnification or intent of the basic Ten Commandments.  He gave examples but didn’t name each of the Ten Commandments (9 of the 10 Commandments are re-commanded throughout the New Testament in their loftier spiritual intent—and sometimes are a word-for-word repeat.  For example, Paul said that ‘He who stole was to steal no more, but work and then give to the poor and those in need.’  An honest study through the New Testament will prove this out.  Instead of obeying just the letter of not committing adultery, he said we had to bring our obedience to the thought level for each commandment.  Instead of not committing adultery he said believers and followers of him should not lust after another of the opposite sex.  This level of obedience—yes, law keeping—is only possible by God’s empowerment through his indwelling Holy Spirit (cf. Romans 8:9-16; Galatians 5:22-23; 1 Corinthians 13:1-8).  How can I explain this?  Legalism is “yard-stick religion.”  When Jesus walked this earth as a human being (as God in the flesh), God’s true religion (under Jewish administration during Roman times) had degenerated into a massive series of “do’s and don’ts” designed to help “keep the populace within the parameters of the law of God.”  The Sabbath was created by God to be a spiritually refreshing day of rest.  The Jewish religious leaders made it a day of works.  Jesus was accused of breaking the Sabbath by healing a man, when in fact he had only broken some of their man-made codes about proper Sabbath observance.  You can observe the Sabbath or Sunday as a spiritual day of rest and refreshing without making it a day of works, or you can make your day of worship a bunch of legalistic do’s and don’ts.  Also a mark of a true legalist is that he or she goes around judging the “performance of others” and not their own.  You see, God could re-institute all the Old Testament law and empower us to observe them in the spirit as well as the letter, and it wouldn’t be a legalistic trip for those who are indwelt by the Holy Spirit.  It wasn’t a works trip for Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Ruth, Esther, Samuel, David, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Elijah, Elisha, Hosea, Zephaniah, Joel, Amos, Obediah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Moses, Joshua, or Caleb.  They all kept the Old Testament Law of God indwelt and empowered by the Holy Spirit (i.e. they were actually living examples of the New Covenant, having God by his Holy Spirit write his laws in their hearts and minds).  None of these people were legalists!  It’s not the particular version of God’s law that you keep, Old Testament or New Testament (called the law of Christ) that you keep—it’s the attitude you keep it in that makes you a legalist—keeping it under your own power in a prideful manner while criticizing the failings of others (yard-stick religion).  Those that observe either version of God’s law—Old Testament, or New Testament law of Christ—under the divine power and inspiration provided by God’s Holy Spirit are not legalists in their walk with God. 

          Prophecy indicates the whole Old Testament Law of God will be re-instituted as the Constitution of the government of God on the earth after the 2nd coming of Jesus Christ:  If we as Christians are already observing nine of the ten commandments (in the spirit, which is even harder to do than in the letter without God’s Holy Spirit), and can see Scripturaly that the 4th Commandment and Holy Days of Leviticus 23 are re-commanded for those living during the time-period of the Millennial Kingdom of God, then you can be pretty certain that the whole Old Testament Law of God has just been re-legislated as “the law of the land.”  Let’s prove this one first, and then we’ll take a quick look at “the Law.”  (I know this is going to prove to be a giant “bone of contention” for some, but read this through.  I am being totally Scriptural in this paper.  You can either chose to believe these passages or not, that won’t change what they say or that the Lord God Almighty has promised to bring them to pass.)

          Isaiah 66:15-21 sets this prophecy as a 2nd coming of Christ prophecy (context, this is being addressed to Zion, Jerusalem, i.e. the Jews).  Isaiah 66:15-21, “See, the Lord is coming with fire, and his chariots are like a whirlwind; he will bring down his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire.  For with fire and with his sword the Lord will execute judgment upon all men, and many will be those slain by the Lord.  Those who consecrate and purify themselves to go into the gardens, following the one in the midst of those who eat the flesh of pigs and rats and other abominable things—they will meet their end together,’ declares the Lord.  ‘And I, because of their actions and their imaginations, am about to come and gather all nations and tongues, and they will come and see my glory.  I will set a sign among them, and I will send some of those who survive to the nations—to Tarshish, to the Libyans [Put] and Lydians (famous as archers), to Tubal and Greece, and to the distant islands that have not heard of my fame or seen my glory.  They will proclaim my glory among the nations.  And they will bring all your brothers, from all the nations, to my holy mountain in Jerusalem as an offering to the Lord—on horses, in chariots and wagons, and on mules and camels, says the Lord.  ‘They will bring them, as the Israelites bring their grain offerings, to the temple of the Lord in ceremonially clean vessels.  And I will select some of them also to be priests and Levites,’ says the Lord.” Now verses 22-23 which taken properly in context with the seven verses that just preceded them—place this at the time of the 2nd coming of Jesus Christ and onward in time—onward into the Millennial Kingdom of God.  Verses 22-23, “‘As the new heavens and the new earth that I will make [after the 1,000 years, cf. Revelation 21:1] will endure before me,’ declares the Lord, ‘so will your name and descendants endure.  From one New Moon to another and from one Sabbath to another, all mankind will come and bow down before me,’ says, the Lord.”   Notice it said all mankind.  The Sabbath here is now a universal ‘day of worship’, not just during the Millennial Kingdom of God, but forever, from this future point in time (at the 2nd coming) onward. 

          Now let’s turn to Leviticus 23, the chapter in the Bible that lists God’s Holy Day commands for Israel.  God says in verse 2, “These are My appointed feasts, appointed feasts of the Lord, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies.”  Notice even the wording.  These aren’t the Holy Days of the Jews or Israelites, “these are my appointed feasts…feasts of the Lord.”  What is the first Holy Day listed in Leviticus 23?  (I bet most of you think it’s the Passover.  If you thought that, you’re wrong.)  Look at verse 3, “There are six days when you may work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, a day of sacred assembly.  You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a Sabbath to the Lord.”

          Now let’s turn to verses 34-44 of Leviticus 23, where the last set of Holy Days are described.  We have seen in Isaiah 66:22-23 that the Sabbath command will be re-instituted, not just for the Jewish believers or the church—but all mankind.  It’s now a worldwide universal day of worship, after the 2nd coming of Jesus Christ.  If we can see anywhere in Bible prophecy where the last set of Holy Days in Leviticus 23 are re-instituted for those living in the time of the Millennial Kingdom of God, rest assured, all the Holy Days of Leviticus 23 have just been re-instituted.  This would also strongly indicate all of the Old Testament Law of God has just become “the law of the land.”  Leviticus 23:34-44, “‘Say to the Israelites: ‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh month the Lord’s feast of Tabernacles begins, and it lasts for seven days.  The first day is a sacred assembly; do no regular work.  For seven days present offerings made to the Lord by fire, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present an offering to the Lord by fire.  It is the closing assembly; do no regular work.  (These are the Lord’s appointed feasts, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies [KJV: holy convocations ] for bringing offerings made to the Lord by fire—the burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings required for each day.  These offerings are in addition to those for the Lord’s Sabbaths and in addition to your gifts and whatever you have vowed and all the freewill offerings you give to the Lord.)  ‘So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festival to the Lord for seven days; the first day is a day of rest and the eighth day also is a day of rest.  On the first day you are to take choice fruit from trees, and palm fronds, leafy branches and poplars, and rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days.  Celebrate this as a festival to the Lord for seven days each year.  This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come; celebrate it in the seventh month.  Live in booths [i.e. temporary dwellings] for seven days: all native-born Israelites are to live in booths so your descendants will know that I had the Israelites live in booths when I brought them out of Egypt.  I am the Lord your God.’  So Moses announced to the Israelites the appointed feasts of the Lord.”  Notice verses 37-38 in parenthesis?  They are sacrifices of many types.  Now under the New Testament law of Christ, and since the Temple was destroyed in 70AD, sacrifices are not necessary or possible (without the temple and Levitical priesthood to administer them).  So, if and when the Feast of Tabernacles is re-instituted, you will know that the sacrificial part of the law has also been re-instituted.  The re-commanding of the Feast of Tabernacles means the re-instituting of the whole Old Testament Law of God during the Millennial Kingdom of God.  Did you catch this?  I know astute theologians wouldn't miss this.  Our Church of God Sabbatarian brothers and sisters in Christ, who have been faithfully observing the Leviticus 23 Holy Days (without sacrifices, they understand Hebrews 10), have actually been quite forward-looking in their practices and teaching about what the Holy Days mean prophetically and symbolically—forward looking into the very practices of the Church that will exist during the Millennial Kingdom of God.  They have not been so much looking into the ancient past trying to imitate ancient Israel.  Other than a few doctrinal misunderstandings (we all have some of those, now, don’t we?) our Sabbatarian brothers are Christ-centered too. 

           Now let’s see where the last set of Holy Days in Leviticus 23 are re-instituted, this time for the whole world—made into a universal observance—and by Whom.  We’ve seen that Zechariah 14:1-15 graphically depicts the 2nd coming of Jesus Christ and the ensuing battle, the creation of a new river systems for Israel, and the creation of Jerusalem’s new forty-mile long foundation on top of a mountain range.  Let’s read verses 16 through 19 of Zechariah 14.  “Then the survivors from all the nations that have attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King, the Lord Almighty, and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles.  If any of the peoples of the earth do not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord Almighty, they will have no rain.  If the Egyptian people do not go up and take part, they will have no rain.   The Lord will bring on them the plague he inflicts on the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles.  This will be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles.  Notice that in four short verses the Feast of Tabernacles is mentioned three times, as a worldwide observance.  God is placing very strong emphasis on this point.  Usually when God wants a point strongly emphasized, he repeats something in Scripture twice.  He did it three times in four verses here. 

          You’ve just seen two prophecies, all centered around the 2nd coming of Jesus Christ, one making the Sabbath-day a worldwide universal day of worship—the first Holy Day commanded in Leviticus 23.  And now we’ve just read a very clear prophecy which shows the re-establishment of the Feast of Tabernacles as a universally observed set of Holy Days.  Remember how I said that the total re-instituting of the Feast of Tabernacles would also mean the re-instituting of sacrifices?  Verse 21 of Zechariah 14 says “…all who come to sacrifice will take some of the pots and cook in them…”  This is showing the sacrificial part of God’s Old Testament Laws are now in force again.  This means not only has the whole of Leviticus 23, and all of it’s Holy Days been re-instituted, now on a worldwide basis, but it appears the whole Old Testament Law of God itself has been made “the law of the land.”  Everyone at first (those who are actually able to, physically and financially) will attend the Feast of Tabernacles in Jerusalem.  But as world populations grow it will become necessary to establish Feast Sites all around the world, so everyone is able to go and live in “temporary dwellings” and attend the Feast.  In the first century Jerusalem would swell from a population of 350,000 to 3.5 million during the three festival seasons.  But can you imagine 100 million people, or a billion people all going to Jerusalem?  It would be impossible.  God is a God of order, not confusion.  And sacrifices are strictly forbidden to be made anywhere but at the temple in Jerusalem, so for most, animal sacrifices will be a very rare thing.   Just a word about sacrifices.  Jesus is now King of the world in Jerusalem.  It was always the custom when visiting a king or leader of a nation (I think it still is) to bring that leader or king a gift.  Bringing offerings and sacrifices to Jerusalem—to the King of the whole earth—fits right in here. 

The Sabbatarian Churches of God are quite familiar with setting up Feast sites, and each has a certain capacity.  Just so many people can apply to go to one of their choice, say a popular one on Hawaii, while the rest have to go to their “assigned” Feast site.  As a member of one of these Sabbatarian Churches of God, I attended the Feast of Tabernacles for 25 years.  I have nothing but wonderful memories of those feasts, and the different locations we stayed at for eight wonderful and spiritually refreshing days. 

          So the whole Old Testament Law of God will become “the law of the land”.  Isaiah 2:2-4, “In the last days the mountain of the Lord’s temple will be established as chief among the mountains; it will be raised above the hills and all nations will stream to it.  Many peoples will come and say, ‘Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob.  He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths.’  The law will go out from Zion, the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.  He will judge between the nations and will settle disputes for many peoples.  They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks.  Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore.”  Isaiah 51:4, “Listen to me, my people; hear me, my nation: The law will go out from me: my justice will become a light to the nations.”  Let’s get something straight here.  This Old Testament Law of God was originally designed to be both a civil and religious law.  It was designed for the governing of a civil population of a nation.  It had built within it great spiritual applications, but those real spiritual intents weren’t totally brought to light until Jesus Christ arrived and “magnified” the law, as he was prophecied to do.  In Matthew 5:17-48 and throughout the New Testament the spiritual magnification or intent of the Old Testament Law of God comes out.  The Old Testament Law of God will be in full force for the civil governing of the nations, while within those nations, cities, towns and communities, church congregations will be majoring in teaching the spiritual intent of “the Law”, drawing people to Jesus and creating a desire in those who attend to become “born-again”, receiving the Holy Spirit and entering the walk of “faith” and salvation.  Nothing will change there.  In any given Christian congregation today, there are people who attend who are not born-again, do not have the Holy Spirit residing in them.  It will be no different during the Millennial Kingdom of God.  The evil broadcast of Satan’s attitudes will not be charging the air-waves and entering into the spirit in man, so everyone will tend to be going in the “right direction”, will appear to be obedient to the Law.  But real conversion, being a real believer, walking in real faith and following the spiritual intent of the law as described in Matthew 5 will only be accomplished by those really being led and filled with God’s Holy Spirit.  Yes, salvation will be freely offered to all.  But God never forces his Holy Spirit on anyone, in the past, today or even then.  He is there for those who ask, and then God will start “writing his laws on their hearts and in their minds.”  It will be the job of those pastors and preachers in all the congregations to lead their members to salvation, just as it is the job of pastors in real Christian and Messianic Jewish congregations today.  As Revelation 20:7-10 brings out, there will be a final exam for the whole world at the end of the Millennium, when Satan is released for a short span of time.  It is those who do not accept the call to salvation who will be swept away in Satan’s deception even then.  Being obedient, being good is not good enough, not for us, not for them then—being filled with and led by God’s Holy Spirit and walking in faith is the only way.  It will be our job in the future, to try to lead people to Jesus, Yeshua and salvation.   False conversion will be a real danger in these times.  As Paul brought out in 1 Corinthians, every man’s work (meaning a pastor’s) is tested by fire.  Our collective work of salvation in the Millennial Kingdom of God will also be tested by fire as well. 

          This technique I used to show how all the Holy Days, and thus the Old Testament Law of God would be re-instituted was used by Jesus once.  Jesus, looking into the future, knowing certain “enlightened” Bible critics would teach the deuter-Isaiah theory—that the book of Isaiah was really written by two authors—quoted from both ends of the book of Isaiah, saying “Isaiah says…”  Now who are you going to believe, Jesus or the critics? You can find this passage in John 12:37-40, where Jesus quotes from Isaiah 6:10 and 53:1.  So God Almighty used a similar technique in that he prophecied that the first and last set of Holy Days in Leviticus 23 would be re-instituted.  That equals the whole chapter of Leviticus 23 in God’s eyes, and yes, the whole Old Testament Law of God, sacrifices and all (cf. Zechariah 14:20-21). 

          I can see all the questions forming in people’s minds.  Are we now all supposed to start keeping the Sabbath or Holy Days?  No, absolutely not, not if it hasn’t been your custom of worship.  Romans 14 is quite explicit about choice of “days of worship” being optional, up the believer and the denomination he or she is a part of.  For a fuller explanation on Romans 14 and this freedom of choice we have in Jesus during the Church age (from 31AD to the 2nd coming) log onto .  In the Millennial Kingdom of God it will be different, and for good reason.  The Sabbath and Holy Days will be effectively used as teaching and instruction days, equaling the good part of one day each week and 7 Holy Days a year (not to mention Tabernacles is spent away from home in temporary dwellings for eight days—being taught by God and us in a place of God’s choosing).  We have seen in Zechariah 14, for Egypt their “assigned Feast site” will be Jerusalem.  Never say Jesus doesn’t have a sense of humor!  As my history sections shows, there are lots of Christian churches and denominations that observe Sunday, Christmas and Easter, and are full of Holy Spirit led and inspired people, people filled with God’s Holy Spirit.  Calvary Chapel’s are a good example, as the Church of the Nazarene, many Pentecostal churches, fundamentalist churches, and yes Church of God Sabbatarian churches, all Holy Spirit indwelt, led and inspired.  Right now we have the right to chose our “days of worship”.  When Jesus returns, well, that’s a different matter as we have seen.  Don’t like it, argue with the Boss, not me.


A Quick Look at The Old Testament Law of God


Now let’s look at the core of the Old Testament Law of God, something we Christians have been keeping the spiritual intent of (see Matthew 5:17-48) all along (or should be).  Exodus 20:1-17 (NIV), “And God spoke all these words: ‘I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.  [1] You shall have no other gods before [margin: besides] me.  [2] You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.  You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.  [3] You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.  [True believers in Jesus, Yeshua, stick out like beacons in this sick world because they don’t use fowl language.]  [4] Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.  Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God.  On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates.  For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day.  Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.  [5] Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you.  [6] You shall not murder.  [7] You shall not commit adultery.  [8] You shall not steal.  [9] You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.  [when added to everything God says about lying and hating liars, this includes all lies.]   [10] You shall not covet your neighbor’s house.  You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.’” 

          Exodus chapters 22-23 contain various civil laws and ordinances, what are called statutes and judgments, as does the whole book of Leviticus.  The Holy Days (found in Leviticus 23) are statutes, and an extension of the Sabbath command, the Sabbath being the very first Holy Day mentioned in Leviticus 23.  Exodus 21 deals with the laws about slavery (usually people taken prisoner in battle, or someone sold into slavery to pay off major debts he or she has incurred and can’t pay off).  You will read in Isaiah that Judah and Jerusalem will make slaves from some of the captured enemy armies that have attacked Jerusalem at the 2nd coming of Yeshua.  Exodus 21:1-6 defines how these “slaves” (or servants in bondage) are to be treated fairly and how long they can be held as slaves before they have to be released (no permanent slavery allowed, unless it’s voluntary, the sincere desire of the person in bondage).  Verses 7-11 is about marriage.  This “purchasing” is like the dowry payment for a bride.  Exodus 21:12-35 are personal injury laws, along with a strong penalty (death) for kidnapping.  Exodus 22:1-15, Property protection laws.  Verses 16-21, laws of social responsibility (vs. 16, “you sleep with her, you marry her…”  Hmm, apply this one now in today’s world (and enforce it), and there’d be a lot of weddings taking place!)  Exodus 23:1-9, laws of justice and mercy.  Verses 10-13, Sabbath laws, land Sabbath.  Verses 14-19, three annual festival seasons (described fully in Leviticus 23). 

          Leviticus 13, regulations about infectious skin diseases and quarantine laws (found to be medically sound, written over four thousand years ago).  Regulations about mildew (some forms can be deadly). 

          Leviticus 18, unlawful sexual relations.

          Leviticus 19, Various laws.

          Leviticus 23:1-44, the Holy Day statutes, all God’s Holy Days from the Sabbath to the Feast of Tabernacles with instructions for their proper observance. 

          Leviticus 25, the land Sabbath (a farming land-maintenance law which also coincides with a year of debt and bond servant release).  The Year of Jubilee regulations (year of major debt release and restoration of all inherited land going back to their original owners).

          Remember, this Old Testament Law being re-instated is to become “the law of the land.”  It’s not just a church law, it’s a civil law, to regulate and safeguard society.  It deals more with the exterior actions of individuals in a functioning society, in towns, cities and nations.  The spiritual intent of the Old Testament Law of God which Jesus came to magnify, and which he did magnify (read Matthew 5:17-48), will continue to be the law taught, expounded on and preached about in the congregations of the Church during the Millennial Kingdom of God.  Only difference is that the Sabbath and Holy Day commandments will be included with the New Testament “law of Christ” (which they are not a part of now).  Remember this, by the very definition of the new covenant (cf. Jeremiah 31:31-33 and Hebrews 8:6-12)--the new covenant has absolutely nothing to do with which set of God’s laws your Christian conscience dictates you follow (cf. Romans 14:5-6, 22-23)--whether that be “the Old Testament Law of God” or “the New Testament law of Christ” (which re-iterates and magnifies nine of the 10 Commandments).   The new covenant is enacted by God through the Holy Spirit writing his laws on the hearts and in the minds of believers in Jesus Christ, Yeshua haMeshiach (cf. Romans 8:9-16; 1 Corinthians 13:1-8; Galatians 5:22-23).  Church of God Sabbatarians whose Christian consciences dictate to them to use “the Old Covenant Law of God” (along with the spiritual intent of the law given by Jesus in Matthew 5) are every bit within the new covenant as any evangelical-fundamentalist believer adhering to the New Testament law of Christ.  They must not be called legalists!  Yes, there are some legalists among them, just as there are legalists to be found in every Christian church and denomination.  For a good description of the spiritual symbolism and prophetic meaning behind God’s Holy Days log onto .  It is these very Church of God Sabbatarians who are kind of living as an example of how the congregations will be living, worshipping and obeying God during the Millennial Kingdom of God.  [See also and to see how one such Sabbatarian Church of God denomination observes the Feast of Tabernacles.  You might say, these folks have pioneered in how to set up and administer Feast sites.]   So don’t be so quick to label them as legalists and heretics, just because they don’t believe or obey exactly the same code of the Law of God that you do.  The apostle Paul didn't like that kind of discrimination and name calling, and wrote about it in Romans 14. 


Financial laws of the land:  I almost forgot!   How will the actual government of God, when physically installed ruling over the earth, be funded?  How will various government agencies which reach out and help people, public education (by and through the tribe of Levi, administering and teaching under us), building of churches, government offices, roads (maybe even railroads).  This would require a whole section in itself to explain, but I have a section already on my website which does this.  The tithing system of ancient Israel is part of the Old Testament Law of God, and this system is explained on and has a whole treatment of the subject of giving.  Be sure to log on and read the appropriate subsection about the Old Testament tithe system.  By the way, the Sabbatarian Churches of God function using this system, and on top of normal taxes which we all have to pay, this would appear to be a real burden on them.  But having been a member of one of these denominations for 25 years, I discovered God richly blessed all of us and compensated us for the sacrifice of faithfully following this system, which is part of the Old Testament Law of God which our denomination had chosen as the law of God we desired for the Lord to “write on our hearts and in our minds.”  Most of the members I knew were not “legalists” by any stretch of the imagination.  You will read about “the 2nd tithe”, which is the festival tithe.  That is how each individual had the funds to be able to attend the Feast of Tabernacles.  This tithing system found in Deuteronomy will be the only taxes levied on people—10 percent going to the Temple, 10 percent saved by each individual as his personal festival funds to make sure he has ample funds to have a great time at God’s festivals.  The world’s economy will virtually take off like a sky-rocket with such a low tax-rate on all individuals.  Think about that for a moment.  If you find it hard to compute, take one of your pay-stubs, and re-compute your net earnings by taking only 10 percent out of the gross amount (or you can take 20 percent out if you want to count your festival tithe).  Either way, look at what you would be taking home living under the administration of the government of God on earth during the thousand years spoken of in Revelation 20.  One other thing, I doubt there will be any banks or mortgage companies around, as charging interest is outlawed in the Old Testament Law of God.  See if you can find where this is in the book of Exodus.  Or if banks do exist, it will only be for saving money, and proper money handling.  No more people getting wealthy on the money of others!  No gasoline taxes, no sales taxes, excise taxes or real-estate taxes.  Wow!  Can you imagine that? 

Chapter 5  Continued here