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Prophecies of the First ComingProphecies of the Second Coming
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Prophecies of Jesus Christ's 2nd Coming
Part I: General Survey of Old Testament
2nd Coming Prophecies

In the Old Testament Messianic prophecies we'll come to see that often the prophecies of Jesus' first coming are blended into prophecies of his 2nd coming in glory and power to rule the world. This confused the Jews who were watching and waiting for the coming of the Messiah. In this three part series we will examine those prophecies, looking at the portions of them that tie into his 2nd coming and comparing them to the 2nd coming prophecies Jesus gave us in the New Testament. We will come to see there is vital continuity of message here between both Testaments. In these prophecies that contain descriptions of both his first and second coming, this study will have the portion dealing with his 2nd coming in bold, and the 1st coming portion in normal type.

Malachi 3:1-5,
"Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts..." [That was verse 1, which describes Jesus' 1st coming. Now verses 2-5 describe his 2nd coming. This totally confused the Jews because you will notice many of these 2nd coming descriptions where more dynamic and eye-catching than the descriptions of his 1st coming.] "...But who may abide the day of his coming? And who shall stand when he appeareth? For he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap: and he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as unto the Lord an offering in righteousness. Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the Lord, as in the days of old, and as in former years. And I will come near to you to judgment: and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his right, and fear not me, saith the Lord of hosts."

Malachi 4:1-3, "For, behold the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the Lord of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. And ye shall tread down the wicked: for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do this, saith the Lord of hosts."
Verse four is seen by most new covenant Christians to be addressed to the Jews of the period just preceding Jesus' first coming. It states, "Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments." This may have been because the House of Judah was still a nation at this time and the old covenant law of God was the theocratic constitutional law of the land even up through Roman rule of Judah. But verse 5-6 are more interesting. We know Jesus said John the Baptist was the Elijah prophecied to come. But in context with the end of verse 5 and verse 6, the end-time body of Christ, the Church, may become the embodiment of a spiritual work of Elijah. Verses 5-6, "Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord: and he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse [Hebrew for curse: utter destruction]." So we see, one tiny verse, verse 1 of Malachi 3 is devoted to Jesus Christ's first coming. Then verses 2-5, and Malachi 4:1-6 are totally devoted to his 2nd coming. Let's now turn to Jeremiah 23:1-5.

Jeremiah 23: 5-8, "Behold the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. Therefore, behold, the days come saith the Lord, that they shall no more say, "The Lord liveth, which brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt; but, The Lord liveth, which brought up and which led the seed of the house of Israel out of the north country, and from all the countries whither I had driven them; and they shall dwell in their own land." This time, not even one whole verse, in verse 5 is devoted to the first coming. Verse 5b through 8 is strictly devoted to second coming--again confusing to the Jews who were waiting for his arrival to install the Messianic Kingdom of God over Israel and the world. Judah refers to the House of Judah, the Jews, and some few (even some Messianic Jewish groups) think the House of Israel is composed of some other countries who are made up of people they call "The Lost House of Israel". Israel proper, living north of the House of Judah was captured and deported by the Assyrian Empire between 721 and 719 BC. The major portion of this population never returned to the land of Israel or Palestine, but was lost historically. They had been taken to the Caspian Sea region of Assyria and their population replaced by another race who had lived in Assyria. But in the early 600's BC, Babylon conquered Assyria, and drove the Assyrians out of power in the region. One Assyrian general is thought by some historians to have taken a contingent of Assyrians up the Danube. Those of the House of Israel living in Assyria at that time had never returned. Some feel a lot of them did, some don't. Interpretation here is up for grabs. When the 2nd coming occurs, if Jesus is leading the other ten tribes of Israel out of "the north country", wherever that is, we'll know Israel is more than just the House of Judah. Till then, it's not important. Those that take the Israel is more than just the Jews view come under the name of being called proponents of British Israelism. This is a secondary doctrine that deals more with race than grace, and whether true or not, can have nasty racial side-effects for those who believe in this doctrine, regardless of whether the actual doctrine is true or not. I'm not taking sides, just stating the dangers. One major thing, interpreting Israel as more than just the Jews changes the interpretation of end-time prophecy somewhat. It means the United States and British peoples are taken into slavery into "the north country", and then led out of it by Jesus at his return, along with eight other tribes. As we get further into these prophecies, we may get an indication of where that "north country" could be. But again, that is open to interpretation. Some think it is Babylon, because there are a lot of end-time prophecies that deal with Babylon. But the actual nation of Babylon is east of Jerusalem and the Israeli nation, not north (unless end time Babylon represents another national or international system set up somewhere to the north or northwest of Jerusalem. Prophetic locations in the Bible are almost always made with Jerusalem as the focal point of a compass. Let's turn now to Jeremiah 50:1-4-5, 19-20.

Jeremiah 50:1-5, 19-20, 33-46 "The word that the Lord spake against Babylon and against the land of the Chaldeans by Jeremiah the prophet. Declare ye among the nations, and publish, and set up a standard; publish, and conceal not: say, Babylon is taken, Bel is confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces; her idols are confounded, her images are broken in pieces. For out of the north there cometh up a nation against her, which shall make her land desolate, and none shall dwell therein: they shall remove, they shall depart, both man and beast... [Now when is this to occur, or has it already? I think we'll see that verses 4-5 put this in the context of taking place sometime in the future, not past.] Verses 4-5, "...In those days, and in that time, saith the Lord, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together [this sort of indicates the children of Israel and Judah are right now separate--interesting], going and weeping: they shall go, and seek the Lord their God. They shall ask the way to Zion with their faces thitherward, saying, Come, and let us join ourselves to the Lord in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten." [If the whole chapter is read, this appears it could be talking about the taking of Babylon by the Medes and Persians under Darius and Cyrus, but verse 46 seems to point to a greater event, an end-time event, putting these verses in the realm of 2nd coming timing.] Verses 33-46, "Thus said the Lord of hosts; The children of Israel and the children of Judah were oppressed together: and all that took them captives held them fast; they refused to let them go. Their redeemer is strong; the Lord of hosts is his name: he shall thoroughly plead their cause, that he may give rest to the land, and disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon. A sword is upon the Chaldeans, saith the Lord, and upon the inhabitants of Babylon, and upon her princes, and upon her wise men. A sword is upon the liars; and they shall dote: a sword is upon her mighty men; and they shall be dismayed. A sword is upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all the mingled people that are in the midst of her; and they shall become as women: a sword is upon her treasures; and they shall be robbed. A drought is upon her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it is the land of graven images, and they are mad upon their idols. Therefore the wild beasts of the desert with the wild beasts of the islands shall dwell there, and the owls shall dwell therein: and it shall be no more inhabited for ever; neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation. As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the Lord; so shall no man abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein. Behold, a people shall come from the north, and a great nation, and many kings shall be raised up from the coasts of the earth. They shall hold the bow and the lance: they are cruel, and will not shew mercy: their voice shall roar like the sea, and they shall ride upon horses, every one put in array, like a man to the battle, against thee, O daughter of Babylon. The king of Babylon hath heard the report of them, and his hands waxed feeble: anguish took hold of him, and pangs as of a woman in travail. Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan unto the habitation of the strong: but I will make them suddenly run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? For who is like me? And who will appoint me the time? And who is that shepherd that will stand before me? Therefore hear ye the counsel of the Lord, that he hath taken against Babylon; and his purposes, that he hath proposed against the land of the Chaldeans: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitation desolate with them. At the noise of the taking of Babylon the earth is moved, and the cry is heard among the nations." Now the earth was never "moved" at the first fall of Babylon under Darius and Cyrus. But it is prophecied to be moved, even perhaps out of orbit, at or just prior the Jesus Christ's 2nd coming. So this may indeed be a "Day of the Lord" prophecy. There are a few views as to who this Babylon could be, a people from Iraq, or some new symbolic Babylon with different national origin [some think it refers to the economic system of the European Economic Community under a new and militarily powerful United States of Europe]. We'll have to wait and see, I guess. (Hopefully at a safe distance.) Let's turn now to Ezekiel 20:34-43.

Ezekiel 20:33-43, "As I live, saith the Lord God, surely with a mighty hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with fury poured out, will I rule over you: and I will bring you out from the people, and will gather you out of the countries wherein ye are scattered, with a mighty hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with fury poured out. And I will bring you into the wilderness of the people, and there will I plead with you face to face. Like as I pleaded with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so will I plead with you, saith the Lord God. And I will cause you to pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant: and I will purge out from among you the rebels, and them that transgress against me: I will bring them forth out of the country where they sojourn, and they shall not enter into the land of Israel: and ye shall know that I am the Lord.

As for you, O house of Israel, thus saith the Lord; Go ye, serve ye every one his idols, and hereafter also, if ye will not hearken unto me: but pollute ye my holy name no more with your gifts, and with your idols. For in mine holy mountain, in the mountain of the height of Israel, saith the Lord God, there shall all the house of Israel, all of them in the land, serve me: there will I accept them, and there will I require your offerings, and the firstfruits of your oblations, with all your holy things. I will accept your sweet savour, when I bring you out from the people, and gather you out of the countries wherein ye have been scattered; and I will be sanctified in you before the heathen. And ye shall know that I am the Lord, when I shall bring you into the land of Israel, into the country for the which I lifted up mine hand to give it to your fathers. And there shall ye remember your ways, and all your doings, wherein ye have been defiled; and ye shall loathe yourselves in your own sight for all your evils that ye have committed. And ye shall know that I am the Lord, when I have wrought with you for my name's sake, not according to your wicked ways, nor according to your corrupt doings, O ye house of Israel, saith the Lord God."
This is definitely talking of a future re-gathering of Israel back to the Lord and into the land of Palestine. Passing under the rod is an Old Testament phrase that means to chose out ten percent, like a tithe to the Lord. This could be an indication that only ten percent of Israel's current population will survive the tribulation [and the numbers could vary depending again on whether Israel is just the Jewish population or more than that]. Scary thought. Let's turn now to Ezekiel 36:1-38.

Ezekiel 36:1-38, "Also, thou son of man, prophesy unto the mountains of Israel, and say, Ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord: Thus saith the Lord God; Because the enemy hath said against you, Aha, even the ancient high places are ours in possession: therefore prophesy and say, Thus saith the Lord God; Because they have made you desolate, and swallowed you up on every side, that ye might be a possession unto the residue of the heathen, and ye are taken up in the lips of talkers, and are an infamy of the people; therefore ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord God; Thus saith the Lord God to the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys, to the desolate wastes, and to the cities that are forsaken, which became a prey and derision to the residue of the heathen that are round about; therefore thus saith the Lord God; Surely in the fire of my jealousy have I spoken against the residue of the heathen, and against all Idumea, which have appointed my land into their possession with the joy of all their heart, with despiteful minds, to cast it out for a prey. [Historically, Idumea referred to the Edomites living east of the Jordan. Now that could be referring to the Jordanians or the Palestians living in the West Bank and all around Jordan, or it could refer to whoever the Edomites are now (some think they are now the Turks).] Prophesy therefore concerning the land of Israel, and say unto the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I have spoken in my jealously and in my fury, because ye have borne the shame of the heathen: therefore thus saith the Lord God; I have lifted up mine hand, Surely the heathen that are about you, they shall bear their shame. But ye, O mountains of Israel, ye shall shoot forth your branches, and yield your fruit to my people of Israel; for they are at hand to come. For, behold, I am for you, and I will turn unto you, and ye shall be tilled and sown; and I will multiply men upon you, all the house of Israel, even all of it: and the cities shall be inhabited and the wastes shall be builded: and I will multiply upon you man and beast; and they shall increase and bring fruit: and I will settle you after your old estates, and will do better unto you than at your beginnings: and ye shall know that I am the Lord. Yea, I will cause men to walk upon you, even my people Israel; and they shall possess thee, and thou shalt be their inheritance, and thou shalt no more henceforth bereave them of men.

Thus saith the Lord God; Because they say unto you, Thou land devourest up men, and hast bereaved thy nations; therefore thou shalt devour men no more, neither bereave thy nations any more, saith the Lord God. Neither will I cause men to hear in thee the shame of the heathen any more, neither shalt thou bear the reproach of the people any more, neither shalt thou cause thy nations to fall any more, saith the Lord God. Moreover the word of the Lord came unto me, saying, Son of man, when the house of Israel dwelt in their own land, they defiled it by their own way and by their doings: their way was before me as the uncleanness of a removed woman. Wherefore I poured my fury upon them for the blood that they had shed upon the land, and for their idols wherewith they had polluted it: and I scattered them among the heathen, and they were dispersed through the countries: according to their way and according to their doings I judged them. [This "scattering" first occurred with the conquering and deportation of the entire northern kingdom of Israel by the Assyrian Empire between 721 and 719 B.C. This northern kingdom, called in the Bible, the House of Israel, never returned to the land of Samaria or Palestine. The House of Judah was taken captive to Babylon in the 600's B.C., but returned to Palestine seventy years later. Technically, the House of Judah was composed of three tribes, Judah, the Levites, and part of Benjamin. Some Christian and Jewish scholars interpret the House of Judah as becoming "Israel" in these prophecies, while others don't or aren't sure.] But I had pity for mine holy name, which the house of Israel had profaned among the heathen, whither they went. Therefore say unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord God; I do not this for your sakes, O house of Israel, but for mine holy name's sake, which ye have profaned among the heathen whither ye went. And I will sanctify my great name, which was profaned among the heathen, which ye have profaned in the midst of them; and the heathen shall know that I am the Lord, saith the Lord God, when I shall be sanctified in you before their eyes. For I will take you from among the heathen, and gather you out of all countries, and I will bring you into your own land..." [Now verses 25-27 show this is not talking about the formation of the Israeli nation in 1948, but a regathering that will be brought about by the Lord himself, for the event prophecied in verses 25-27 has not occurred yet, and will not occur until the 2nd coming of Jesus Christ. These verses put the entire 36th chapter of Ezekiel in context.] "...Then I will sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you. A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. AND I WILL PUT MY SPIRIT WITHIN YOU, AND CAUSE YOU TO WALK IN MY STATUTES, AND YE SHALL KEEP MY JUDGMENTS, AND DO THEM. And ye shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers: and ye shall be my people, and I will be your God. I will also save you from all your uncleanness: and I will call for the corn, and will increase it, and lay no famine upon you. And I will multiply the fruit of the tree, and the increase of the field, that ye shall receive no more reproach of famine among the heathen. Then shall ye remember your own evil ways, and your doings that were not good, and shall loathe yourselves in your own sight for your iniquities and for your abominations. Not for your sakes do I this, saith the Lord God, be it known unto you: be ashamed and confounded for your own ways, O house of Israel. Thus saith the Lord God; In the day that I shall have cleansed you from all your iniquities I will also cause you to dwell in the cities, and the wastes shall be builded. And the desolate land shall be tilled, whereas it lay desolate in the sight of all that passed by. And they shall say, This land that was desolate is become like the garden of Eden; and the waste and desolate and ruined cities are become fenced, and are inhabited. Then the heathen that are left round about you shall know that I the Lord build the ruined places, and plant that that was desolate: I the Lord have spoken it, and I will do it. Thus saith the Lord God; I will yet for this be inquired of by the house of Israel, to do it for them; I will increase them with men like a flock. As the holy flock, as the flock of Jerusalem in her solemn feasts; so shall the waste cities be filled with flocks of men: and they shall know that I am the Lord."
Just a note about that last few verses and the reference to the flocks in the cities being like Jerusalem in her solemn feasts. The population of Jerusalem in her solemn feasts, especially in the spring Passover season around the time of Jesus up to about 65 A.D. would often grow to ten times her normal population. With a normal population of 300,000 in Roman times, during the Passover season Jerusalem's population would swell to about 3 million people. So God is saying the cities in Israel would have populations numbering in the millions after he re-gathers them into their Palestinian homeland. Millions in the cities, all having the Holy Spirit dwelling in them. That is not the Israeli nation of today. This is a prophecy for the future, just after Jesus Christ's return. Let's now turn to Ezekiel 39:25-29 Ezekiel 39:25-29, "Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Now will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and have mercy upon the whole house of Israel, and will be jealous for my holy name; after that they have borne their shame, and all their trespasses whereby they have trespassed against me, when they dwelt safely in their land, and none made them afraid. When I have brought them again from the people, and gathered them out of their enemies' lands, and am sanctified in them in the sight of many nations; then shall they know that I am the Lord their God, which caused them to be led into captivity among the heathen: but I have gathered them into their own land, and have left none of them any more there. Neither will I hide my face any more from them: for I have poured out my spirit upon the house of Israel, saith the Lord." Again, in verse 29, this last verse hasn't occurred, so this is a future regathering of the house of Israel in the land of Palestine. For God's Spirit, called my spirit here, has not been poured out upon the entire house of Israel yet. Verse 29 puts these verses in context with the 2nd coming of Jesus Christ. Turn now to Jeremiah 3:11-18.

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